Merger Arbitrage Mondays – Anaplan To Be Acquired By Thoma Bravo For $10.7 Billion

  • March 21, 2022

We see a lot of chatter about potential deals every week and while most of these deals don’t come to fruition, a surprisingly large number do. We analyzed 200 potential deals in our “deals in the works” (DITW) database in December 2018 and updated our analysis in October 2021 after the number had grown to 477 potential deals. In a post we wrote about a potential deal for the largest operator of medical office buildings, Healthcare Trust of America (HTA), we mentioned the following,

Interestingly, the success rate has improved to 43.4% and potential deals classified as “unsolicited bid” had the highest success rate with more than 51% of them ending up with a definitive merger agreement. Contrary to what I would have expected, “companies seeking strategic alternatives” had the worst track record with just 31% of them ending up with an acquirer.

Going deeper into the rabbit hole and looking at the potential returns for the three categories yielded even more interesting results. Successful deals that we tracked as a result of an unsolicited bid generated 11.38% returns after the news of the potential deal was out. Since these returns occurred in a relatively short period of time, the annualized returns worked out to 183.59%.

Last week we saw not one, but three different companies turn down unsolicited bids, claiming the offers were too low. While I understand why copper and gold mining company Turquoise Hill Resources (TRQ) turned down an offer by Rio Tinto, I was not expecting RV dealer, Lazydays Holdings (LAZY), to turn down the $25 per share offer from B. Riley (RILY). Given a combination of rising gas prices and rising interest rates, one would think that a company that sells or services RVs might be close to a cyclical peak and choose to bow out at the top. Maybe these three companies discussed below are rejecting the offers as a negotiating ploy or it is possible that they see better days ahead.

Merger activity increased last week with four new deals announced and two deals completed. We also saw a significant rise in new potential deals in the works last week.

Anaplan, Inc. (PLAN)

Anaplan is a company that connects organizations and people through a cloud-based connected planning platform. It was founded in 2008, and is headquartered in San Francisco. Anaplan’s proprietary Hyperblock technology, lets companies contextualize real-time performance, and forecast future outcomes. On March 18, 2022, activists Sachem Head and Corvex disclosed stakes in the company and said they plan to nominate directors.

Late on Sunday night, Thoma Bravo announced that it is acquiring PLAN for $10.7 billion or $66 per share in cash, representing a premium of approximately 46% to the volume weighted average price of Anaplan stock for the five days ending March 18, 2022. Thoma Bravo agreed to pay 18 times trailing sales and 14 times Jan 2023 expected revenue of $746 million, which is richer than the valuation of most SaaS companies these days.

Deals In The Works

There were nine new deals announced in the Deals in the Works section last week.

Big Lots (BIG)

Founded in 1967, and headquartered in Columbus, Ohio, Big Lots (BIG) is a discounted home furnishing chain. The company suffered due to supply chain disruptions caused by the pandemic but managed to bounce back towards the end of 2020. In June 2020, Big Lots completed its previously announced sale and leaseback transactions with affiliates of Oak Street Real Estate Capital, causing a potential buyout deal between Apollo Global Management to fall apart. We added Big Lots as a potential deal in the works on March 15, 2022, when the company received a letter from Mill Road Capital, that owns a 5.1% stake in the company, urging Big Lots to hire an adviser to pursue a sale, causing the stock to jump over 15%. According to a BofA analyst, Mill Road’s claims that the retailer may be worth $55-$70 per share in a potential sale appears to “look optimistic,”.

Potential Deals That Failed Last Week

Nielsen Holdings (NLSN)

On March 14, 2022, The Wall Street Journal reported that a consortium of private-equity firms including Elliott Management is in advanced talks to buy TV-ratings company Nielsen Holdings for about $15 billion including debt. NLSN’s price after this announcement was $22.85, representing a premium of over 30%. On Sunday, March 20, 2022, Nielsen’s board “unanimously determined that the consortium’s offer significantly undervalues the company and does not adequately compensate shareholders for Nielsen’s growth prospects.

Turquoise Hill Resources (TRQ)

On March 14, 2022, Turquoise Hill Resources acknowledged receipt of a non-binding proposal from Rio Tinto International Holdings, outlining its proposal to acquire the approximately 49% of the outstanding shares of Turquoise Hill held by the Company’s minority shareholders (approximately 99 million common shares) for cash consideration of C$34.00 per share. TRQ’s price after this announcement was $26.55, reflecting a premium of almost 32% to TRQ’s price on March 11, 2022.  The potential deal was, however rejected by activist investor Pentwater Capital Management, the largest minority shareholder of Canada’s Turquoise Hill (TRQ) with a 10% stake in the company.

Lazydays Holdings (LAZY)

We had added Lazydays Holdings as a potential deal on March 10, 2022, when it received a $25 per share offer from shareholder B. Riley (RILY). B. Riley had given LAZY until 5 PM ET on March 16, 2022 to accept its offer. The company’s Board of Directors, however, unanimously rejected B. Riley’s non-binding, unsolicited proposal.

You can find all the active deals listed below in our Merger Arbitrage Tool (MAT) that automatically updates itself during market hours.

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SPAC Arbitrage

There was one new SPAC IPOs filed and four new SPAC combinations announced last week. You can find the new SPAC IPO announcements in our SPACs tool here.

  1. Metals Acquisition (MTAL) announced that it has entered into a definitive sale and purchase agreement with Glencore to acquire CSA Copper Mine for total consideration of $1.1 billion.
  2. Apexigen, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering and developing a new generation of antibody therapeutics for oncology, and Brookline Capital Acquisition Corp. (BCAC) have entered into a definitive business combination agreement.
  3. Scilex Holding Company, a commercial biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing non-opioid therapies for patients with acute and chronic pain, and Vickers Vantage Corp. I (VCKA) announced that they have entered into a definitive business combination agreement.
  4. Benuvia, a drug developer and manufacturer of active pharmaceutical ingredients focused on cannabinoids, with a growing portfolio of drug products and intellectual property, and Pono Capital Corp (PONOU), announced that they have entered into a definitive business combination agreement.

Terminated SPAC Business Combinations

  1. FinAccel, the parent company of Kredivo, and VPC Impact Acquisition Holdings II (VPCB) announced the mutual termination of their previously announced business combination agreement.
  2. Juuce Limited and First Reserve Sustainable Growth (FRSG) announced that the companies have mutually agreed to terminate their previously announced agreement and plan of merger.

Weekly Spread Changes:

The table below shows weekly spread changes between March 11 and March 18, 2022.

Company Quote
Last Week
Spread Change
MILE1.3Lemonade (LMND)27.019.29%3.17%6.12%All Stock
JOBS52.6Garnet Faith Limited (N/A)15.97%10.45%5.52%All Cash
CDR27.3Wheeler Real Estate Investment Trust, Inc. (WHLR)26.23%2.11%4.12%All Cash
SJI34.01Infrastructure Investments Fund (N/A)0.005.85%3.27%2.58%All Cash
ATVI78.76Microsoft Corporation (MSFT)300.4320.62%18.29%2.33%All Cash
TLMD2.97Patient Square Capital (N/A)1.01%3.09%-2.08%All Cash
VNE36.15Qualcomm Incorporated (QCOM)153.992.35%4.52%-2.17%All Cash
TSEM48.38Intel Corporation (INTC)47.459.55%12.41%-2.86%All Cash
AZPN146.14Emerson Electric Co. (EMR)979.48%14.71%-5.23%Special Conditions
TMX45.36Rentokil Initial plc (RTOKY)33.8421.25%36.41%-15.16%Special Conditions

Deal Statistics:

Total Number of Deals Closed in 202243
Total Number of Deals Not Completed in 20223
Total Number of Pending Deals
Cash Deals44
Stock Deals12
Stock & Cash Deals10
Special Conditions8
Total Number of Pending Deals74
Total Deal Size$660.01 billion

New Deals:

  1. The acquisition of Volt Information Sciences (VOLT) by Vega Consulting, an affiliate of ACS Solutions for $181.81 million or $6 per share in cash.
  2. The acquisition of Summer Infant (SUMR) by Kids2 for $97.44 million or $12 per share in cash.
  3. The acquisition of Marrone Bio Innovations (MBII) by Bioceres Crop Solutions (BIOX) for $236 million in an all stock deal. Under the terms of the transaction, each share of MBI common stock will be exchanged at closing for ordinary shares of Bioceres at a fixed ratio of 0.088.
  4. The acquisition of Anaplan (PLAN) by Thoma Bravo for $10.7 billion or $66 per share in cash.

Deal Updates:

  1. On March 15, 2022, Rentokil Initial and Terminix (TMX) announced that with effect from the close of business on 14 March 2022, the applicable waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 has now expired.
  2. On March 16, 2022, Forterra (FRTA) announced that all conditions to the closing of the merger with Quikrete Holdings are now satisfied and the parties expect the Merger will close on or before the March 22, 2022 outside date under the Merger Agreement.
  3. March 16, 2022: According to a report, Globalive Capital entered the race to buy Shaw Communication’s (SJR) wireless unit Freedom Mobile with a $3.75 billion offer in cash.
  4. On March 16, 2022, the 30-day “go-shop” period expired under the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger between MoneyGram International (MGI) and Madison Dearborn Partners.

Closed Deals:

  1. The acquisition of Kraton Corporation (KRA) by DL Chemical on March 15, 2022. It took 169 days for this deal to be completed.
  2. The acquisition of Forterra (FRTA) by Quikrete Holdings on March 18, 2022. It took 389 days for this deal to be completed.

Top 10 deals with largest spreads:

PLAN03/20/2022Thoma Bravo (N/A)$66.00$50.5906/30/202230.46%109.00%
TMX12/14/2021Rentokil Initial plc (RTOKY)$55.00$45.3612/31/202221.25%27.12%
ATVI01/18/2022Microsoft Corporation (MSFT)$95.00$78.7606/30/202320.62%16.12%
CHNG01/06/2021UnitedHealth Group Incorporated (UNH)$25.75$21.6606/30/202218.88%67.57%
JOBS06/21/2021Garnet Faith Limited (N/A)$61.00$52.603/31/202215.97%529.90%
SAFM08/09/2021Cargill and Continental Grain Company (N/A)$203.00$177.7306/30/202214.22%50.88%
BRG12/20/2021Blackstone Real Estate (N/A)$29.85$26.5406/30/202212.47%44.63%
WLL03/07/2022Oasis Petroleum Inc. (OAS)$92.24$83.1612/31/202210.92%13.94%
TEN02/23/2022Apollo Global Management, Inc. (APO)$20.00$18.1112/31/202210.44%13.32%
SAVE02/07/2022Frontier Group Holdings, Inc. (ULCC)$23.84$21.6912/31/20229.90%12.64%

List of all pending deals:

The list of all pending deals is only available to InsideArbitrage Premium and Plus members.

Target VolumeEstimated
Closing Date
+PLAN3/20/22Thoma Bravo (N/A)All Cash$10.7 B$66.00$50.594,015,6266/30/2230.46%110.08%
+TMX12/14/21Rentokil Initial plc (RTOKY)Special Conditions$6.7 B$55.00$45.36851,83812/31/2221.25%27.22%
+ATVI1/18/22Microsoft Corporation (MSFT)All Cash$68.7 B$95.00$78.7615,274,8916/30/2320.62%16.15%
+CHNG1/06/21UnitedHealth Group Incorporated (UNH)All Cash$13.28 B$25.75$21.661,404,7756/30/2218.88%68.24%
+JOBS6/21/21Garnet Faith Limited (N/A)All Cash$3.63 B$61.00$52.6442,8493/31/2215.97%582.89%
+SAFM8/09/21Cargill and Continental Grain Company (N/A)All Cash$4.49 B$203.00$177.73264,6986/30/2214.22%51.38%
+BRG12/20/21Blackstone Real Estate (N/A)Special Conditions$3.6 B$29.85$26.54879,1176/30/2212.47%45.07%
+WLL3/07/22Oasis Petroleum Inc. (OAS)Cash Plus Stock$2.82 B$92.24$83.16577,32812/31/2210.92%13.99%
+TEN2/23/22Apollo Global Management, Inc. (APO)All Cash$7.1 B$20.00$18.11783,03512/31/2210.44%13.37%
+SAVE2/07/22Frontier Group Holdings, Inc. (ULCC)Cash Plus Stock$6.6 B$23.84$21.693,807,38012/31/229.90%12.68%
+ATC7/01/21MKS Instruments, Inc. (MKSI)Cash Plus Stock$6.5 B$24.77$22.561,935,1363/31/229.80%357.53%
+TSEM2/15/22Intel Corporation (INTC)All Cash$5.4 B$53.00$48.381,282,9322/15/239.55%10.53%
+AZPN10/11/21Emerson Electric Co. (EMR)Special Conditions$12.34 B$160.00$146.141,527,3046/30/229.48%34.27%
+MILE11/08/21Lemonade (LMND)All Stock$201.47 M$1.42$1.32,813,4976/30/229.29%33.56%
+ZNGA1/10/22Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. (TTWO)Special Conditions$12.7 B$9.86$9.0421,142,4086/30/229.07%32.78%
+PNM10/21/20Avangrid, Inc. (AGR)All Cash$8.05 B$50.30$46.13834,7096/30/229.04%32.67%
+FHN2/28/22The Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD)Special Conditions$13.4 B$25.00$23.019,815,77011/27/228.65%12.58%
+PBIP3/02/22Fulton Financial Corporation (FULT)All Cash$142.1 M$18.01$16.674,6669/30/228.49%16.06%
+PTRS11/04/21OceanFirst Financial Corp. (OCFC)Special Conditions$186 M$10.38$9.659,1446/30/227.56%27.34%
+TGNA2/22/22Standard General L.P. (N/A)Special Conditions$8.6 B$24.00$22.353,904,32412/31/227.38%9.45%
+MBII3/16/22Bioceres Crop Solutions Corp. (BIOX)All Stock$236 M$1.23$1.152,946,2149/30/227.05%13.34%
+COHR3/25/21II-VI Incorporated (IIVI)Cash Plus Stock$6.84 B$284.42$266.19337,0285/31/226.85%35.20%
+CDR3/02/22Wheeler Real Estate Investment Trust, Inc. (WHLR)All Cash$291.3 M$29.00$27.3401,3656/30/226.23%22.50%
+SJI2/24/22Infrastructure Investments Fund (N/A)All Cash$8.1 B$36.00$34.011,147,62812/31/225.85%7.49%
+NPTN11/04/21Lumentum Holdings Inc. (LITE)All Cash$745.24 M$16.00$15.121,837,35312/31/225.82%7.45%
+SJR3/15/21Rogers Communications Inc. (RCI)Special Conditions$26 B$32.40$30.69373,7666/30/225.57%20.14%
+MNDT3/08/22Alphabet Inc. (GOOG)All Cash$5.4 B$23.00$22.112,677,45112/31/224.07%5.22%
+VG11/22/21Ericsson (ERIC)All Cash$6.2 B$21.00$20.184,701,0756/30/224.06%14.68%
+MGI2/15/22Madison Dearborn Partners, LLC (N/A)All Cash$1.8 B$11.00$10.614,388,11412/31/223.68%4.71%
+EXTN1/24/22Enerflex Ltd. (EFX.TO)All Stock$735 M$6.54$6.31117,8449/30/223.57%6.75%
+CCMP12/15/21Entegris, Inc. (ENTG)Cash Plus Stock$6.5 B$193.76$187.22527,52912/31/223.49%4.47%
+HTA2/28/22Healthcare Realty Trust Incorporated (HR)Cash Plus Stock$10.74 B$32.20$31.153,395,7999/30/223.37%6.37%
+CTXS1/31/22Vista Equity Partners and Elliott Investment Management LP (N/A)All Cash$16.5 B$104.00$100.744,963,6816/30/223.24%11.69%
+GSKY9/15/21The Goldman Sachs Group (GS)All Stock$2.24 B$10.36$10.065,330,3483/31/223.00%109.35%
+SUMR3/16/22Kids2, Inc. (N/A)All Cash$97.44 M$12.00$11.68112,1896/30/222.74%9.90%
+MTOR2/22/22Cummins Inc. (CMI)All Cash$3.7 B$36.50$35.59879,70312/31/222.56%3.27%
+GCP12/06/21Saint-Gobain (N/A)All Cash$2.3 B$32.00$31.211,085,25912/31/222.53%3.24%
+VNE10/04/21Qualcomm Incorporated (QCOM)All Cash$3.87 B$37.00$36.151,537,4606/30/222.35%8.50%
+IIN2/28/22Altaris Capital Partners, LLC (N/A)All Cash$183.22 M$24.25$23.746,7516/30/222.32%8.39%
+NSEC1/26/22VR Insurance Holdings, Inc. (N/A)All Cash$41.4 M$16.35$162,7296/30/222.19%7.91%
+UMPQ10/12/21Columbia Banking System, Inc. (COLB)All Stock$4.5 B$20.16$19.793,618,5026/30/221.85%6.68%
+XENT8/06/21Medtronic plc (MDT)All Cash$1.1 billion$28.25$27.75209,8243/31/221.80%65.77%
+OCDX12/23/21Quidel Corporation (QDEL)Cash Plus Stock$8.33 B$19.23$18.891,339,0456/30/221.80%6.51%
+FBC4/26/21New York Community Bancorp, Inc. (NYCB)All Stock$2.6 B$44.69$43.98349,4663/31/221.61%58.76%
+CERN12/20/21Oracle Corporation (ORCL)All Cash$28.4 B$95.00$93.643,285,80812/31/221.45%1.86%
+REGI2/28/22Chevron Corporation (CVX)All Cash$2.75 B$61.50$60.663,423,95412/31/221.38%1.77%
+FOE5/11/21Prince International Corporation (N/A)All Cash$2.1 B$22.00$21.7586,5213/31/221.38%50.46%
+ROG11/02/21DuPont de Nemours, Inc. (DD)All Cash$5.2 B$277.00$273.23150,2196/30/221.38%4.99%
+ISBC7/28/21Citizens Financial Group, Inc. (CFG)Cash Plus Stock$3.5 B$16.09$15.874,180,0776/30/221.37%4.95%
+CNR3/07/22Clayton, Dubilier & Rice (N/A)All Cash$5.8 B$24.65$24.332,864,2639/30/221.32%2.49%
+TSC10/20/21Raymond James Financial, Inc. (RJF)Cash Plus Stock$1.1 B$32.45$32.03926,2576/30/221.30%4.68%
+STXB11/19/21Simmons First National Corporation (SFNC)All Stock$581 M$28.89$28.52133,0466/30/221.28%4.64%
+WBT7/14/21Ali Holding S.r.l. (N/A)All Cash$4.8 B$24.00$23.71,400,1356/30/221.27%4.57%
+MIME12/07/21Permira (N/A)All Cash$5.8 B$80.00$79.025,765,2316/30/221.24%4.48%
+ECOL2/09/22Republic Services, Inc. (RSG)All Cash$2.2 B$48.00$47.471,007,3486/30/221.12%4.03%
+TLMD2/03/22Patient Square Capital (N/A)All Cash$106.42 M$3.00$2.971,571,6536/30/221.01%3.65%
+VOLT3/14/22Vega Consulting, Inc. (N/A)All Cash$181.81 M$6.00$5.94446,1336/30/221.01%3.65%
+ANAT8/09/21Brookfield Asset Management Reinsurance Partners Ltd. (BAMR)All Cash$5.1 B$190.00$188.39168,2346/30/220.85%3.09%
+ESBK10/04/21Community Bank System, Inc. (CBU)All Cash$82.8 M$23.10$22.962,6373/31/220.61%22.26%
+MGP8/04/21VICI Properties Inc. (VICI)All Stock$17.2 billion$37.62$37.412,333,7386/30/220.56%2.03%
+EPAY12/17/21Thoma Bravo (N/A)All Cash$2.6 B$57.00$56.691,240,7736/30/220.55%1.98%
+HMHC2/22/22Veritas Capital (N/A)All Cash$2.8 B$21.00$20.95,904,4566/30/220.48%1.73%
+RESN2/14/22Murata Electronics North America, Inc. (N/A)All Cash$249.15 M$4.50$4.481,440,0313/31/220.45%16.29%
+GNOG8/09/21DraftKings Inc. (DKNG)All Stock$1.52 B$7.16$7.13784,6983/31/220.44%16.02%
+VRS12/19/21BillerudKorsnäs AB (N/A)All Cash$825 M$27.00$26.9306,1206/30/220.37%1.34%
+PBCT2/22/21M&T Bank Corporation (MTB)All Stock$7.6 B$21.16$21.0810,480,3764/01/220.36%12.00%
+FLOW12/13/21Lone Star Funds (N/A)All Cash$3.8 B$86.50$86.19796,7066/30/220.36%1.30%
+BDSI2/14/22Collegium Pharmaceutical, Inc. (COLL)All Cash$488.65 M$5.60$5.587,085,7913/31/220.36%13.08%
+APTS2/16/22Blackstone Real Estate Income Trust, Inc. (N/A)All Cash$5.8 B$25.00$24.921,835,4346/30/220.32%1.16%
+CONE11/15/21KKR and Global Infrastructure Partners (N/A)All Cash$15 B$90.50$90.252,423,6166/30/220.28%1.00%
+BPMP12/20/21BP p.l.c. (BP)All Stock$2.45 B$16.53$16.49538,3143/31/220.22%7.86%
+APR1/10/22Owens & Minor, Inc. (OMI)All Cash$1.62 B$37.50$37.48430,4956/30/220.05%0.19%
+LEVL11/04/21First Merchants Corporation (FRME)Cash Plus Stock$323.5 M$41.15$41.3114,3756/30/22-0.40%-1.44%
+ABTX11/10/21CBTX, Inc. (CBTX)All Stock$1.5 B$43.83$44.25109,4506/30/22-0.95%-3.44%


SPAC activity continued to stay low with only one new SPAC IPO filed last week. There were however, four new SPAC business combinations announced last week and two active combinations were terminated.

On March 16, 2022, Sen. Elizabeth Warren and Rep. Mondaire Jones introduced legislation to block deals worth more than $5 billion or that lead to high market shares. This arbitrary $5 billion threshold is going to be very limiting and can cause significant disruption in M&A if the legislation passes. The DOJ is also pursuing litigation to block the proposed merger between Change Healthcare (CHNG) and UnitedHealth Group (UNH) with an expected start date of August 1, 2022. According to Wells Fargo, MKS Instruments (MKSI) planned acquisition of Atotech (ATC) may have to be renegotiated or the deal may be cancelled as the March 31 deadline for deal termination approaches.

Disclaimer: I have long positions in B. Riley (RILY), First Horizon (FHN), Taiwan Semiconductor (TSEM), Healthcare Trust of America (HTA), TEGNA (TGNA) and Bluerock Residential Growth REIT (BRG). Please do your own due diligence before buying or selling any securities mentioned in this article. We do not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the content or data provided in this article.